The Earliest Records
Mo-tse, the Great Philosopher
The State Chronicles of Lu Kingdom
The Biography of Zhang Heng
Unofficial History of Nanzhao
Earthquake Records by Qin Keda
Emperor Kangxi's (Qing Dynasty) Instructions on Earthquakes
Imperial Works by Emperor Kangshi
Pu Songling, the Great Novelist
A Memorial to the Throne
The Merits and Virtues Inscriptions about Earthquakes in Chinese and Tibetan
The Tablet Inscriptions of the Buddha Temple
Earthquake Records of Yi Nationality
Letters in Earthquakes
China Red Cross Provided Relief to the Earthquake Victims in the U.S and Japan 
The First Modern Earthquake Observation Station in China
Textual Research of Earthquakes in Yunnant
Premier Zhou Enlai Inspected the Earthquake Stricken Areas



All Kinds of Earth Light

Records on the Bamboo

20 Examples of Rescue

Seismic Belts in China

Ground Deformation

Calling of Apes

Key Points for Escape

When Pressed Down


Letters in Earthquakes 

  At 8pm on December 6, 1920, an earthquake took place in Haiyuan District. The epicenter was in LiuPan Mountain area on the borders of Gansu and Ningxia. The epicenter magnitude was 12. Haiyuan and Xiji counties were damaged most seriously. Gansu, Ningxia, Shaanxi and even Qinghai, Hennan, and part of Shanxi also suffered from the earthquake. When the earthquake took place, the lights swayed in Beijing. Even the people far away in Shanghai could feel it. Such a wide spread earthquake was not only rarely seen in China but also in the whole world in terms of its intensity and its wide range.

A letter to his mother by Fan Gongren (February 1, 1921)


A letter to his mother by Lin Cai
 (December 25, 1920)

This earthquake caused ^the villages in East LiuPan Mountain area to be buried. The ground surface became high hills and deep valleys. The mountain exploded and the ground was split. Dark water flooded anywhere. The four cities including Haiyuan and Guyuan were completely destroyed. More than 70,000 peopled died in the earthquake in Haiyuan only. The total casualty was no less than 200,000. ̄ ^ Walls and buildings of Guyuan were collapsed, the bulk head was ruined. The rural areas were hit more severely. Two villages the northwest were leveled completely. 30,000 people were killed and 60,000 domestic animals were buried in soil. ̄

  It was extremely cold that day when the earthquake happened. Because the residents stayed indoors, many people died in the earthquake. After the earthquake, the North Warlords didn't take any measures and they simply let things go from bad to worse. Some people were suffocated to death. Some died of the pains in serious wounds or were even tore up by wolves. Many people died of hunger or coldness. The spread of the diseases in the next years also resulted in numerous death.

  Notes to rebuild the two music-building tablets

Notes to rebuild 
the two music-building tablets

  In the winter of the third year of Gengshen (title of an ancient emperor), an earthquake took place. These buildings were destroyed at that time and we loyal subjects have even no places to worship the deities.

 Composed and inscribed by Li Shanqing in the 12th year of the Republic of China