Hulun Lake and Buir Lake
Hulun & Buir Lakes lie in the northeastern of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, neighboring China's northern border. The beautiful grassland here gets its name by combining these two--Hulun Buir grassland.
The Border City Manzhouli is situated to the near northwest of Hulun Lake. The east is the wide plain and the west and the north are surrounded by slow hills. The elevation of the lake is about 600-700 meters.
Hulun's oblique rectangle outline strides over 93 kilometers from the northeast to southwest. While the water level is 545.33 meters, its area reaches 2339 square kilometers and the depth is 5.92 meters on average. The deepest reaches 8 meters and water storage is 138.5x108 cubic meters. Hulun Lake is the No 1 among the lakes in the northern China.
Hulun lake has queue of names in history: Dalai lake, Daze, Julunbo, Kuoyihaizi, Kumuhu in Beiqi, Tang, Yuan and Qing Dynasties, respectively. "Hulun" in Tujue's language means the sea.
With the tectonic movement and changes of climate, Hulun Lake has undergone remarkable changes in history . As the lake shrinks, it becomes a complete landlocked low-lying land or discontinuous small lakes; as the lake enlarges, it becomes a lake capable of taking in and sending out large amount of water. Its tributaries include Crewe River from Mongolia and Wuerxun River from Buir Lake. The water finally flows into Ergun River.
Hulun Buir grassland locates in moderate arid district of the northern Temperate Zone. It is chilly, dry and sandstorm here. Winter is long while the summer is short. The lake gets frozen since the beginning of November and won't thaw until early May of next year. The ice layer could reach more than one meter thick. It's freeze-up is rather long, comparing with other lakes in China.
Hulun Lake plays an important role in the paleontology history. Ancient document records that there had been lots of rare birds and animals living here such as Jueti, Taoyu, etc. Recent years have seen the unearthing of many ancient animals' fossils, bone objects and stone implements in the Zalainul coal bed. The mammoth fossil discovered in 1980 was still rather intact.
Hulun Lake is the cradle of the northern nomadic people. It is "The paradise of the song, the ocean of the dance, the source of the poem, the homeland of the wine. "
Hulun Lake doesn't have southern lakes' gentleness and intricacy. However, it is simple, pure and straightforward. Her monopolized nimbus touches every visitor deeply.
"Fish leaping over the lakes" is the unique scenery here. Every July and August, swarms of fishes would gather in the channel of Niaogang that leads to the Buir Lake and try to leap over the fish's bar.
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